Pratt should get on very well with his new lot. He has knowledge and keenness and energy. Jos. Johnston commands ‘C’ Coy., Given ‘D’, and Ensor ‘B’, Allen ‘A’. Colder today, and trying to rain. My harrying did good. Comyn came over today and promised us two officers’ huts and one men’s at once. Should be up before we come out again. This will make a difference to our comfort. We go in tonight; relief getting earlier each time owing to light, which is a blessing, as it means earlier settling in. We are leaving carpenters out of the line to carry out the work under R.E. supervision. It has turned colder; healthier. I think we shall get into one of the new Elephants at Stinking Farm tonight, which will be an improvement. We shall use it as a mess, with a small room partitioned off for either Shill. or me. Have been squaring up Battalion accounts for August. Have only now got through canteen funds, and now have to begin on the £500 donation, which has increased, with interest to £516. I find every other Battalion has only a little of this left.


Service this morning at 10.00 a.m., but our guns were so noisy it was distracting. Second Service afterwards in our mess hut. There was a gas alarm last night, about 11:30 p.m. Everyone stood to and put on gas helmets, but no sign of gas, so after a bit we ‘stood down’. False alarm, I believe, from people on our left. The higher command are very nervy about gas here, and one has to be careful as the Bosche frequently looses it off. One never moves without gas helmets, and when the wind is easterly everyone wears it, opened and pinned to the shirt in front, ready to pull on. Wasps a bother here, but no flies. In the line flies and no wasps. Ricardo came over yesterday p.m. and had a long bukh! He is commanding 109th Bde. temporarily. Yes, Padre is one of the best this world produces. We are busy, with help of R.E., making huts, etc., here more rainproof and generally better. Am leaving two carpenters out of the line for this purpose. Am going to stroll out with Shill. to have a look at an outpost. Walked back and dined with Ricardo at Bde. H.Q. Very pleasant dinner.


Poor young Lyness died this a.m. early. I’m very sorry at his loss. Went over to see transport this morning, and lunched with the Bde. The 109th are on the move going from one flank of the Div to the other; so silly, these little moves. They knock the heart out of people. You’ve just got your little bit improved and lots of plans and projects under way, when you move on and have to begin again. The 13th [Royal Irish Rifles] wanted a working party, but I really would not be good natured at the expense of the men. Usual afternoon gun fire going on.


Second Lieutenant H Lyness

Second Lieutenant H Lyness

Another show of sorts last night, a tumult of guns 1:30 a.m. to 2.00 a.m. Bosche didn’t reply on us here, but gave the front line some, but didn’t do much damage. A boy called Lyness was hit by a stray bullet returning from wiring, and is in a critical condition. Keen, always did his job well, and capable. I grieve for his loss. Am going to How. [Howitzer] observation post after tea to have look at Bosche trenches. Had a slight chill yesterday, but am all right today. We are busy trying to repair huts here today, and the accommodation here is disgraceful, and I’m strafing all round. They’ll talk and plan and do nothing, and then the winter will be upon us. A Grave Committee bloke, ranking as a Lieut., came round today and was fearfully excited because some R.E. sapper was buried yesterday in the wrong cemetery. I handed him over to the Padre. A consequential Rev._____, who you might think was running the war, laying down the law about burials, etc. Clouding over, expect more rain.


1. Second Lieutenant Harold Lyness was one of the first of a new breed of officer to join the Battalion. From the summer of 1916 until the end of the war a significant proportion of the Battalion’s officers would be former soldiers. Lyness had enlisted into The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders); he was commissioned on 27 August 1915 and posted to 5th Royal Irish Fusiliers in Salonika. He joined 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers on 20 June 1916.  When bringing a wiring party home along Spring Trench to Red Lodge on the night of 31 August/1 September 1916, he suffered gunshot wounds to the back from which he did not recover. He died of wounds in 2nd Casualty Clearing Station at Bailleul in the early hours of 2 September 1916, aged 20, and was buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension.

2. The Graves Registration Commission was established by Fabian Ware, a former Director of Education in the South African colonies, a former newspaper editor, and a director of the mining company Rio Tinto. Initially formed as part of the British Red Cross operation in France and Flanders, under Wares direction the Commission passed to the control of General Headquarters in 1915 and in early 1916 it became the Directorate of Graves Registration and Enquiries; its operations also expanded into other theatres of operation. Also in 1916 the National Committee for the Care of Soldiers’ Graves was appointed, which aimed to take over the work of the Commission after the war. The scale of the task facing the Committee led to the establishment by Royal Charter on 21 May 1917 of the Imperial War Graves Commission, which became the Commonwealth War Graves Commission in 1960. Today it is responsible for the commemoration of 1.7 million casualties of the two world wars in cemeteries and on memorials at more than 23,000 locations, in 154 countries.